The American Civil War began in April 1861 and officially ended on April 9, 1865, when Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered in Appomattox, Virginia. Long before the war’s end, on September 22, 1862, President Abraham Lincoln issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, which declared that on January 1, 1863, all enslaved people in the Confederate states “shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free.” Sadly, it wasn’t until June 19, 1865—more than two years later—that the news reached enslaved African Americans in Galveston, Texas. Juneteenth (short for June nineteenth) marks that historic day. Juneteenth became a federal holiday in 2021, and this year it will be observed on Monday, June 20.
Lisa D. Love, Esq., FCIArb, Joins JAMS in New York
Experienced transactional attorney and ADR advocate joins JAMS as arbitrator, mediator, special master/referee and neutral evaluator